World Archives Project: New Mexico Territorial Census, 1885

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About this project The 1885 census was a federally taken territorial census. It includes population, agriculture, manufacturer, and mortality schedules. Answers to census questions were supposed to reflect the individuals status as of 1 June 1885.

Contents

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Cities, Towns and Villages in New Mexico
New Mexico Place Names
World Archives Keying Standards
Project-specific sample images and form field help:

Choose a sample image from below to see the corresponding form field examples.
Schedule 1 - Inhabitants
Schedule 2 - Agriculture
Schedule 3 - Manufactures
Schedule 5 - Mortality

Schedule 1 - Inhabitants

30243_074903-00391.jpg

This form will say "Schedule 1. - Inhabitants" at the top of the page in the header area.

County

Capture the county using the dictionary provided.
See Example

City or Town

Capture the City or Town using the dictionary provided for assistance. The city or town will be listed in the space between the words "in" and "in the county of" in the header area of the form. If a city or town does not appear in the dictionary then key whatever is listed in that field as seen. For example, if it says "Enumeration District 2", then you would key that into this field.On the Manufactures schedule, if the area where the city or town is normally listed is left blank, but there is a city or town listed in the Post Office field, please key the locality instead.
See Example

Enumeration District

Capture the Enumeration District (ED) from the top left corner of the census form where it says "Enumeration Dist. No."  
See Example

Page

Capture the page number from the top left corner of the census form where it says "Page No."
See Example

Prefix

Key any titles before the Given name, such as "Dr", "Rev", "Mr" or "Mrs", using the dictionary for assistance. If a prefix does not appear in a dictionary then key the prefix as seen. On the Mortality schedules, if "stillborn", "child", "unknown", or "not stated" appears in the name column, key these as prefixes. If "child of Peter Pan" appears, key the complete phrase into the prefix field. On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the primary person to whom the record pertains using the dictionary provided for assistance. If a name does not appear in the dictionary then key the name as seen.On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Surname

The Surname is the last name of the primary person to whom the record applies. Capture the Surname using the dictionary provided for assistance. If the surname does not appear in the dictionary then key the surname as seen.On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Suffix

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the primary person to whom the record applies using a dictionary if provided for assistance. If a suffix does not appear in a dictionary then key the suffix as seen. 
See Example

Race

The Race will be keyed from the Inhabitants and Mortality schedules only.Key the Race from the field titled "Color". This is column 5 on the Mortality schedules and column 4 on the Inhabitants schedules. Key as seen, using the provided dictionary for assistance
The choices are: W=White, B=Black, Mu=Mulatto, I=Indian, Ch=Chinese
See Example

Gender

Key the Sex or Gender into the Gender field from the column labled Gender on the Inhabitants and Mortality schedules. Enter "Male" for "M" and "Female" for "F". If an entry contains something other than one of these two options, key the field as seen.
See Example

Age

Enter the age from column 6 on the Inhabitants schedule and from column 3 on the Mortality schedule. · If an Age includes years, months, and/or days then key only the years. For example, if an Age appears as 10 years, 7 months then key the Age as 10. · If an Age appears in months only, such as 10 months, then key the Age as a fraction of twelfths – 10/12.· If an Age includes a fraction, such as 3 3/8, key only the whole number – 3.
See Example

Birth Month

On the Inhabitants schedule, capture the birth month from column 7, labeled "If born within the Census year, give the month." Key the month in full, even if listed as an abbreviation on the census form.
See Example

Relationship

Key the relationship from column 8 on the Inhabitants schedule. Key as seen, copying down the appropriate information when ditto marks are used.
See Example

Marital Status

Enter the marital status of the individual as marked in columns 9-12 on the Inhabitants schedule and in columns 6-8 on the Mortality schedule. Key the entries in full - either "Single", "Married", "Widowed", or "Divorced". "Single", "Married" and "Widowed" are indicated by slashes in the appropriate column. "Divorced" is indicated by a "D" in the same column as "Widowed".

A slash in column 12 on the Inhabitants schedule also should be indexed as "Married" as it means the person was married within the Census year.
See Example

Birth Location

Capture the birthplace from column 24 on the Inhabitants schedule and from column 9 on the Mortality schedule. Key the location as seen, using the dictionary for assistance. Entries should include the state or territory if born in the U.S., or country if foreign born.
If the record says N. M. (with a space in between) key it as N M, but if it is N.M. (with no space) key it as NM
See Example

Father Birthplace

Capture the father's birthplace from column 25 of the Inhabitants schedule and from column 10 on the Mortality schedule. Key the location as seen, using the dictionary for assistance. Entries should include the state or territory if born in the U.S., or country if foreign born.
If the record says N. M. (with a space in between) key it as N M, but if it is N.M. (with no space) key it as NM
See Example

Mother Birthplace

Capture the mother's birthplace from column 26 on the Inhabitants schedule and from column 11 on the Mortality schedule. Key the location as seen, using the dictionary for assistance. Entries should include the state or territory if born in the U.S., or country if foreign born.
If the record says N. M. (with a space in between) key it as N M, but if it is N.M. (with no space) key it as NM
See Example

Schedule 2 - Agriculture

30243_074903-00543.jpg

This form will say "Schedule 2. - Productions of Agriculture" at the top of the page in the header area.

County

Capture the county from the header, using the provided dictionary for assistance.
See Example

City or Town

Capture the City or Town from the header, using the dictionary provided for assistance. If a city or town does not appear in the dictionary then key the city or town as seen. 
See Example

Enumeration District

Capture the Enumeration District (ED) from the top left corner of the census form where it says "Enumeration Dist. No."  
See Example

Page

Capture the page number from the top left corner of the census form where it says "Page No."
See Example

Prefix

Key any titles before the Given name, such as "Dr", "Rev", "Mr" or "Mrs", using the dictionary for assistance. If a prefix does not appear in a dictionary then key the prefix as seen. On the Mortality schedules, if "stillborn", "child", "unknown", or "not stated" appears in the name column, key these as prefixes. If "child of Peter Pan" appears, key the complete phrase into the prefix field. On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the primary person to whom the record pertains using the dictionary provided for assistance. If a name does not appear in the dictionary then key the name as seen. On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Surname

The Surname is the last name of the primary person to whom the record applies. Capture the Surname using the dictionary provided for assistance. If the surname does not appear in the dictionary then key the surname as seen.On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Suffix

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the primary person to whom the record applies using a dictionary if provided for assistance. If a suffix does not appear in a dictionary then key the suffix as seen. 
See Example

Schedule 3 - Manufactures

30243_074903-00608.jpg

This form will say "Schedule 3. - Manufactures" at the top of the page in the header area.

County

Capture the county using the dictionary provided.
See Example

City or Town

Capture the City or Town using the dictionary provided for assistance. The city or town will be listed in the space between the words "in" and "in the county of" in the header area of the form. If a city or town does not appear in the dictionary then key whatever is listed in that field as seen. For example, if it says "Enumeration District 2", then you would key that into this field.On the Manufactures schedule, if the area where the city or town is normally listed is left blank, but there is a city or town listed in the Post Office field, please key the locality instead.
See Example

Enumeration District

Capture the Enumeration District (ED) from the top left corner of the census form where it says "Enumeration Dist. No."  
See Example

Page

Capture the page number from the top left corner of the census form where it says "Page No."
See Example

Prefix

Key any titles before the Given name, such as "Dr", "Rev", "Mr" or "Mrs", using the dictionary for assistance. If a prefix does not appear in a dictionary then key the prefix as seen. On the Mortality schedules, if "stillborn", "child", "unknown", or "not stated" appears in the name column, key these as prefixes. If "child of Peter Pan" appears, key the complete phrase into the prefix field. On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the primary person to whom the record pertains using the dictionary provided for assistance. If a name does not appear in the dictionary then key the name as seen.On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Surname

The Surname is the last name of the primary person to whom the record applies. Capture the Surname using the dictionary provided for assistance. If the surname does not appear in the dictionary then key the surname as seen.On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Suffix

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the primary person to whom the record applies using a dictionary if provided for assistance. If a suffix does not appear in a dictionary then key the suffix as seen. 
See Example

Schedule 5 - Mortality

30243_074903-00617.jpg

This form will say "Schedule 5. - Persons who died during the year ending May 31, 1885" at the top of the page in the header area.

County

Capture the county using the dictionary provided.
See Example

City or Town

Capture the City or Town using the dictionary provided for assistance. The city or town will be listed in the space between the words "in" and "in the county of" in the header area of the form. If a city or town does not appear in the dictionary then key whatever is listed in that field as seen. For example, if it says "Enumeration District 2", then you would key that into this field.On the Manufactures schedule, if the area where the city or town is normally listed is left blank, but there is a city or town listed in the Post Office field, please key the locality instead.
See Example

Enumeration District

Capture the Enumeration District (ED) from the top left corner of the census form where it says "Enumeration Dist. No."  
See Example

Page

Capture the page number from the top left corner of the census form where it says "Page No."
See Example

Prefix

Key any titles before the Given name, such as "Dr", "Rev", "Mr" or "Mrs", using the dictionary for assistance. If a prefix does not appear in a dictionary then key the prefix as seen. On the Mortality schedules, if "stillborn", "child", "unknown", or "not stated" appears in the name column, key these as prefixes. If "child of Peter Pan" appears, key the complete phrase into the prefix field. On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the primary person to whom the record pertains using the dictionary provided for assistance. If a name does not appear in the dictionary then key the name as seen. On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Surname

The Surname is the last name of the primary person to whom the record applies. Capture the Surname using the dictionary provided for assistance. If the surname does not appear in the dictionary then key the surname as seen. On the Manufactures schedules, the name should be keyed from column 1. If a company name is listed instead of an individual's name, do not key that record. If you are unsure if the entry is a company name or an individual's name, enter the whole thing into the prefix field.
See Example

Suffix

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the primary person to whom the record applies using a dictionary if provided for assistance. If a suffix does not appear in a dictionary then key the suffix as seen. 
See Example

Age

Enter the age from column 6 on the Inhabitants schedule and from column 3 on the Mortality schedule. · If an Age includes years, months, and/or days then key only the years. For example, if an Age appears as 10 years, 7 months then key the Age as 10. · If an Age appears in months only, such as 10 months, then key the Age as a fraction of twelfths – 10/12.· If an Age includes a fraction, such as 3 3/8, key only the whole number – 3.
See Example

Gender

Key the Sex or Gender into the Gender field from the column labled Gender on the Inhabitants and Mortality schedules. Enter "Male" for "M" and "Female" for "F". If an entry contains something other than one of these two options, key the field as seen.
See Example

Race

The Race will be keyed from the Inhabitants and Mortality schedules only.Key the Race from the field titled "Color". This is column 5 on the Mortality schedules and column 4 on the Inhabitants schedules. Key as seen, using the provided dictionary for assistance. 
See Example

Marital Status

Enter the marital status of the individual as marked in columns 9-12 on the Inhabitants schedule and in columns 6-8 on the Mortality schedule. Key the entries in full - either "Single", "Married, "Widowed", or "Divorced." "Single", "Married", and "Widowed" are indicated by slashes in the appropriate column. "Divorced" is indicated by a "D" in the same column as "Widowed". A slash in column 12 on the Inhabitants schedule also should be indexed as "Married", it means that the person was married within the Census year.

See Example

Birth Location

Capture the birthplace from column 24 on the Inhabitants schedule and from column 9 on the Mortality schedule. Key the location as seen, using the dictionary for assistance. Entries should include the state or territory if born in the U.S., or country if foreign born.
If the record says N. M. (with a space in between) key it as N M, but if it is N.M. (with no space) key it as NM
See Example

Father Birthplace

Capture the father's birthplace from column 25 of the Inhabitants schedule and from column 10 on the Mortality schedule. Key the location as seen, using the dictionary for assistance. Entries should include the state or territory if born in the U.S., or country if foreign born.
If the record says N. M. (with a space in between) key it as N M, but if it is N.M. (with no space) key it as NM
See Example

Mother Birthplace

Capture the mother's birthplace from column 26 on the Inhabitants schedule and from column 11 on the Mortality schedule. Key the location as seen, using the dictionary for assistance. Entries should include the state or territory if born in the U.S., or country if foreign born.
If the record says N. M. (with a space in between) key it as N M, but if it is N.M. (with no space) key it as NM
See Example

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